Who is Melchizedek?

Here are some resources from a bible study to help understand.

-Derek

ESV Study Bible

Gen. 14:18 Melchizedek (which means “king of righteousness”; see Heb. 7:2) generously provides a meal for the returning victors. Salem is possibly a shortened version of “Jerusalem” (see Ps. 76:2) and is related to shalom, the Hebrew word for “peace” (see Heb. 7:2). He was priest of God Most High. Although very little is known about Melchizedek, he provides an interesting example of a priest-king linked to Jerusalem. There appears to have been an expectation that later kings of Jerusalem should resemble him (see Ps. 110:4). The book of Hebrews presents Jesus Christ, from the royal line of David, as belonging to the “order of Melchizedek” and therefore superior to the Levitical priests (Heb. 5:5–10; 6:20–7:17). “God Most High” in Hebrew is ’El ‘Elyon’El is the common Semitic term for “God.” To this is added the attribute ‘Elyon, meaning “Most High.” Elsewhere in Genesis other attributes are added to’El (e.g., in Gen. 16:13 “God of seeing” translates ’El Ro’i; in 17:1 “God Almighty” translates ’El Shadday; in 21:33 “Everlasting God” translates ’El ‘Olam). These different names highlight different aspects of God’s nature.

ESV Study Bible

Gen. 14:19–20 Melchizedek’s blessing attributes Abram’s victory to the power of God. By giving Melchizedek a tenth of everything (i.e., a tithe), Abram affirms the truthfulness of Melchizedek’s words. Possessor of heaven and earth. Although God has created the whole earth to be his temple, Genesis reveals that God’s ownership of the earth is rejected by those who do not obey him (seeIntroduction: Key Themes). In light of this, Melchizedek’s acknowledgment of God’s authority over the earth is noteworthy.

ESV Study Bible

Gen. 14:21 In marked contrast to Melchizedek’s blessing, the king of Sodom’s remarks are surly and small-minded: he expresses no gratitude. He “dishonors” Abram, and this is ominous in the light of12:3 (“I will curse”).